Tuesday, August 13, 2019

August 13, 2019: "Beginnings . . . Big and Small, and Journeys . . . Small and Big"








The Black Meta!
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The Black Meta as seen from the engineering booth. Photo by Manuel Blas!




  • As always, YOUR BLACK META is bringing MAXIMUM AWESOME! MusicMeta, and Mindful; local news and upcoming events; opportunities for engaging with and supporting local communities!
  • This week, YOUR BLACK META is all about MOVEMENT. FreedomWalker talks flying high and traveling, and beetle is telling creation-tales, via Òrìṣà-Ifá. We're also taking on rollercoasters, airline window policy (open? Or closed?), centenarians who look younger than we do, and finding our voices--even if we don't yet understand the words those voices say. Àṣẹ, àṣẹ!


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Woodsist Festival 2019 | Saturday, SEPTEMBER 28, 2019 | Arrowood Farms, Accord, NY | Gates: 12noon / Show: 1:00pm / End: 10pm (approx)



Lineup: Whitney • Real Estate • Woods • Kevin Morby Waxahatchee • Hand Habits • Bonny Doon • Wet Tuna • Anna St. Louis • Little Wings • DJ Jeff Conklin (WMFU) + More TBA. Visit site for more 2019 info. https://www.woodsist.com/woodsist-festival-2019/









FreedomWalker's Sources and Credits




COFFEE & GREEN TEA COMBO


  • Goodnewsnetwork.org- "Listen to Woman's Exuberant Tale "




THE SPRUCE


  • Thespruce.com






FREEDOMWALKER'S EDITORIAL




  • Editorial -  Msn.com - " Flight Attendants Reveal one of the worst part of their Job"






K-TOWN NEWS



  • Almanac Weekly
  • Madkingston.org/expo
  • Ulstercountyalive.com


MINDFUL MUSEUM




  • No credits for this segment










beetle's Sources, Citations, Credits, and Links

(UPDATED WEEKLY)





Òrìṣà - Books


Correal, Tobe Melora, 2003. Finding Soul on the Path of Orìṣa. New York: Crossing Press.


Brandon, George, 1997. Santeria from Africa to the New World: The Dead Sell Memories. New York: Indiana University Press.






Òrìṣà - Multimedia



Overview





"FULL Yoruba History & Culture Photo Documentary." Previz TV, Youtube. January 30, 2018. [20:11] Inside This Edition: History Of The Yoruba People Yoruba In Diaspora Yoruba Creation Myth Leadership In Yoruba Occupation Of The Yorubas Yoruba Festivals Child Naming In Yoruba Twins In Yoruba  Yoruba Tribal Marks Clothing In Yoruba Religion In Yoruba Yoruba Language Yoruba Art Yoruba Food Greetings In Yoruba Education In Yoruba First Movie In Yoruba Music In Yoruba Famous Yoruba People. https://youtu.be/bzesDw2r-No



"My Orisha Journey: Where To Start...." Day Dream Alston, Youtube. February 9, 2018. [11:16] On this episode, Day/Oyabunmi shares tips for getting started in the Ifa tradition. https://youtu.be/lUXc1RTYUZ0

"ORISHA And IFA | Babalawo & Apetebi." TITANS TV, Youtube. Streamed live on February 10, 2016. [2:13:36] Orisha & Ifa Explained: Babalawo Ifategunse Osadele & Apetebi Ifadunmade Ifalase Unravel The mysteries Nigeria, West African System of Ifa, Answering Such Questions As: What Is IFA? What are the teachings of IFA? Where does the system of IFA Originate? Who Is A Babalawo? What qualifies a person to have a title of Babalawo & Iyanifa, What Are some of the works of a IFA Priest? How Can the system of IFA help people today? Does IFA Discriminate? How does a person know if they need to become a IFA Priest Who Is an Apetebi? Who Is Orunmila? What Is a IFA DIvination? What Is the System used to connect with IFA? What are the various types of divinations What Is Ebo? What is the importance of group ebos? Where is Oyotunji African Village? What was it like growing up there? https://youtu.be/3BE5fxMJW0M



"OYA: RISE OF THE ORISHA FULL SHORT MOVIE - (2015) African superhero movie" Riseoftheorisha, Youtube. February 19, 2017. [12:48] Watch the short film set in the 1st ever African Superhero universe based on the ancient deities known as the Orisha. https://youtu.be/CMbJdFjpVfg

"The Ifa Divination System." UNESCO, Youtube. September 28, 2008. [3:06] Description: The Ifa divination system, which makes use of an extensive corpus of texts and mathematical formulas, is practiced among Yoruba communities and by the African diaspora in the Americas and the Caribbean. The word Ifa refers to the mystical figure Ifa or Orunmila, regarded by the Yoruba as the deity of wisdom and intellectual development.  In contrast to other forms of divination in the region that employ spirit mediumship, Ifa divination does not rely on a person having oracular powers but rather on a system of signs that are interpreted by a diviner, the Ifa priest or babalawo, literally the priests father. The Ifa divination system is applied whenever an important individual or collective decision has to be made.  The Ifa literary corpus, called odu, consists of 256 parts subdivided into verses called ese, whose exact number is unknown as they are constantly increasing (there are around 800 ese per odu). Each of the 256 odu has its specific divination signature, which is determined by the babalawo using sacred palm-nuts and a divination chain. The ese, considered the most important part of Ifa divination, are chanted by the priests in poetic language. The ese reflect Yoruba history, language, beliefs, cosmovision and contemporary social issues. The knowledge of Ifa has been preserved within Yoruba communities and transmitted among Ifa priests.  Under the influence of colonial rule and religious pressures, traditional beliefs and practices were discriminated against.The Ifa priests, most of whom are quite old, have only modest means to maintain the tradition, transmit their complex knowledge and train future practitioners. As a result, the youth and the Yoruba people are losing interest in practising and consulting Ifa divination, which goes hand-in-hand with growing intolerance towards traditional divination systems in general.  Country(ies): Nigeria. https://youtu.be/k9lGVF6jYN4


"The Orishas- Introduction to Ifa: Yoruba Religion." Arias Williams, Youtube. September 20, 2012. [6:22] A brief description of some of the Yoruba Orishas. by Falokun Fasegun  For more information go to http://www.ojiseegun.com https://youtu.be/LgBY15KSnmo



"The Story Of Oshun & Ogun." Black Public Media, Youtube. March 21, 2007.  [4:26] "The Story Of Oshun & Ogun" is a 4 minute 3D animation pilot telling the West African, Yoruba based fable of how little Oshun, who represents love, seduction and sweetness, brought the powerful Ogun, entity of iron, machines and technology, out of hiding to restore order to the world. Produced by Carol Mayes, with animation by Paul Collins, and featuring the voice of Lillias White.  Connect with us - http://blackpublicmedia.org/mailing-list. https://youtu.be/5ArRzCrmYcs



"What Is Ifa?" Gabriel Bata, Youtube. February 2, 2015. [12:30] I produce this documentary in order to complete my Masters degree in Cross Cultural Studies. This film was shot in the Houston, TX area and explores the manifestation in the Americas of a traditional African way of life called Ifa. https://youtu.be/3Ff3ZvmG1jc

"Yoruba Religion of Southwestern Nigeria." Olu Omishore, Youtube. June 13, 2015. [5:27]  https://youtu.be/IqQFHmvMOUg





Song, Dance & Praise



"Elegua (Afro-Cuban Orisha)." Xopowoparvo, Youtube. January 12, 2014. [8:48] 2013, September 20 - Washington, DC. Improvised demonstration of the Afro-Cuban Orisha dance Elegua, at Monroe Street Market Arts Plaza (Brookland). Performed by Duane Wrenn and Kati Hernandez. Joined by DC Casineros: Adrian, Alison, Amanda, and Margaret. https://youtu.be/9Dri44vTYZw

"Ella Andall -Ogun Onirea." Mercedez TheFmGirl, Youtube. June 24, 2010. [3:17] ELLA ANDALL has worked consistently over the past four decades to establish herself as an artiste of international stature. Considered by many as a Caribbean Queen of Song - a chantuelle supreme, a high priestess of African-Caribbean music, Ella's journey is one of power and potency. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8B2zHm2ZLAM

"Ella Andall Oshun Trinidad and Tobago." Omoorisha07, Youtube. March 8, 2009. [6:20] Ella Andall singing for Oshun. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=odvIJK-bPxk

"Ella Andall-Ogun Baba Dey."  Mercedez TheFmGirl, Youtube. June 24, 2010. [3:44] Ella Andall is one of the most talented female Orisha singers in Trinidad and Tobago. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=to2jeMCcRZs

"Erinle Ajaja (The Hunter/Herbalist) by ELLA ANDALL." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. October 11, 2017. [14:38] erin(elephant)ile(house). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r5Cbd46g448


"Eshu/Elegba(The Orisa Who Open The Doors) by ELLA ANDALL." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. November 4, 2017. [19:43] Eshu the messenger also known as Elegba or Legba, is a trickster god of the Yoruba people of Nigeria in West Africa. He is unpredictable, sly, and fond of pranks that can be cruel and disruptive. Eshu, who knows all the languages spoken on earth, serves as a messenger between the orishas and people. He also carries up to heaven the sacrifices that people offer to the orishas. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QAG5WhOvXvY

"Eshu Ellegua Door opener."  Ministry of Miracles Healing School SB, Youtube. December 2, 2017. [13:!3] Eleguá likes all kinds of things associated with child's play, like kites, whistles, balls, toy soldiers.  He also likes keys, silver coins, a shepherd's crook and a straw hat.  He dresses in red and black, sometimes in Spanish colonial-style knee britches.  On his head, he wears a red kerchief or cap, or a straw hat. When he dances, he's playful and wants others to pay attention to him.  In addition to candy, he likes cigars, toasted corn, coconuts, aguardiente (strong alcohol) or vino seco (white cooking wine), smoked hutia meat, smoked fish, and red palm oil. On Mondays, he should be offered something he likes as a way of paying tribute to him. https://youtu.be/UV2_1k_KwgE

"Ibeji(the Twins) by ELLA ANDALL." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. October 10, 2017. [5:55] While many orishas have roads or caminos, Ibeji do not. They are universal in nature. There are some variations in lineages where some ibeji are of the same gender, but most are typically opposite gendered (male and female). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NJT7HHbfc7c

"NEW-Oshun (Amunrele Maalo- i must go back to my home)."  Ministry of Miracles Healing School SB, Youtube. December 9, 2016. [3:59] song for orisha oshun. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v_1TWU1F_o0

"Obatala -Ogere Orisa."  Ministry of Miracles Healing School SB, Youtube. September 29, 2017. [3:16]  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XKnUXdXXrT8

"Ochosi(The Hunter) by ELLA ANDALL." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. October 10, 2017. [5:21] while eshu open the gate way and ogun clears the path ochosi shows us the better path. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z19KZBTWr0w

"Ogun(The Orisa Of War & Iron) by ELLA ANDALL." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. OCtober 10, 2017. [3:16] Ogun the great warrior. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fASp7oShgps


"Ogun (The Warlord) by ELLA ANDALL." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. November 3, 2017. [7:20] Ogún is the orisha of iron, tools and weapons. He is a fiercewarrior and protective father. Ogún (also spelled Oggun, Ogou or Ogum) is a powerful, fierce warrior who defends his people and fights against injustice. Ogun has the intelligence and creativity to invent tools, weapons, and technology. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uv3N-9Q_77g



"Olodumare." Peter Imoje, Youtube. September 19, 2014. [6:53] Peter Imoje Sings A Traditional Yoruba Song Which He Called "Olodumare". Produced In 2014, This Song Is The First Song Sung In Yoruba Language. A Heartfelt Song And Prayer By The Goth Inspired Vocalist.vhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bkRXeECoOos



"Orisa shango." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. June 8, 2019. [14:33]  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vd0AE-l3TGs


"Orisha Inle Abatan Erinle Erinle Ode Ajaja the Hunter Herbalist and Fisherman." Erinle, Youtube. January 20, 2018. [14:38] Please subscribe to support this channel and to see more content. Orisha Inle Abatan Erinle Erinle Ajaja the Hunter Herbalist and Fisherman Ode Ibualama. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GoyGyru-TiE

"Orisha Oya Dance from Cuba." Yusimi Moya, Youtube. December 4, 2017. [3:26] This video shows a folkloric dance performance of the female Orisha Oya, a Yorùbá deity, as danced today in Cuba to the rhythms of the Lukumí batá drums and singing. https://youtu.be/IbdkrZ6H0no

"ORUNMILA IS THE UNIVERSAL LINGUIST." About Awo Falokun Fasegun | Awo Falokun Fasegun has been involved in the study of African Spirituality for over 20 years. During one of his many trips to West Africa he was initiated in the village of Ode Remo, Nigeria into the mysteries of Ifa and the Warrior Orisa (deity) Ogun. Since then he has been published in several academic journals, appeared on countless radio shows, television programs, and university panels discussing the tenets of the Tradition of Ifa, Orisa reverence and ancestor veneration as practiced in Yorubaland and in the Diaspora. He has narrated 3 CDs on Ifa, for everyone from the novice to the highly respected Priest. Awo Fasegun has been happily married for over 30 years and is the proud father of 3 magnificent children. www.ifaforall.org

"Osain (Master Of all Herbs) by ELLA ANDALL." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. November 3, 2017. [18:25] Osain (osanyin) is one of the most important Orishas because without Osain there would be no way to correctly perform the ceremonies of "making" the Orishas. Osain is the owner of all the plants and trees that grow wild in the woods. He has nothing to do with cultivated plants. For a plant to have the ache that Osain gives to it, it must be found growing wild in the woods. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rWSCDJKuMpA


"Osain (The Doctor And Healer) by ELLA ANDALL." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. October 12, 2017. [6:01] Osain is the medicine man also known as the man for court house and jail house. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tUuo8uHycTc

"Osanyin/osain by ELLA ANDALL." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. December 5, 2017. [11:32] "Osain is an herbalist who lives in the bush, a powerful medicine man. Worshipers explain that he too is one spirit with many aspects. Indeed, up to seven different manifestations of Osain may be present at one time; I myself have seen as many as five. A few contacts identified four 'brothers' or aspects of Osain as Elesije, Ere Osa,Demolay and Kiripiti, but these are not known to many worshipers. Adherents syncretize Osain with "Saint Francis"....In some shrines, however, worshipers surround Osain's stool with Hindu paraphernalia and may even plant a Hindu-style flag to mark it. ... It appears that the tendency to perceive Shango and Osain as having different "brothers" or aspects is strictly Trinidadian, for they are not so represented in Yoruba lore. It may be that orisha worshipers have used the various traits of each orisha as the basis for postulating distinct spirits or aspects..." https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vnBw1UeqL-Q


"Oshun (Mother of Love and Sweetness) by ELLA ANDALL." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. November 2, 2017. [5:25] Oshun is the mother of sweet and fresh waters she is the essence of love, sweetness and good cheer, beauty and flowing joy. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8p8dAb9prbA

"Oshun/osun(ore yeye o)." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. November 5, 2017. [9:16] Praising the Spirit of the River.  Oriki Osun Ore YeYe Osun O  Iba Osun Sekese (Praise to the Goddess of Mystery,  Latojoku awede we'mo. (spirit that cleans me inside out). https://youtu.be/d3N2EV-aR6s

"Oshun & Yemaya."  QueenNubian24, Youtube. February 3, 2012. [5:25] Music Honoring Oshun and Yemaya. https://youtu.be/SUNise7j6gI


"OSHUN CANTO." Noe hernandez cantarell, Youtube. June 23, 2010. [8:59] POPURRI DE CANTOS A OSHUN. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tCu51MncMhc

"Oshun Chant." Women of the Calabash, Youtube. November 8, 2014. [5:57] Provided to YouTube by The Orchard Enterprises  Oshun Chant · Women of the Calabash  The Kwanzaa Album  ℗ 1998 Bermuda Reefs Records  Released on: 1999-11-30. https://youtu.be/HKycQ3j_G_c

"oshun karele." Mercedez TheFmGirl, Youtube. July 14, 2011. [3:32]  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vI2Px5q79ZE

"Oshun Meditation." Amunet Kemetic Goddess, Youtube. [2:32] Oshun meditation Session. Music per Zion Trinity Spirit of the Orisha. Song - Oya: E Ye E Ye Kwa. Artist - Zion Trinity. Album - Spirit of the Orisha https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dt22SaozxeM

"Oshun Song - BlackNotes Libation." Melanin Wellness, Youtube. July 12, 2009. [5:21]  https://youtu.be/QvtxjPtH-tk

"Oshun Song."  Oshunyeye1, Youtube. June 12, 2011. [1:58] orisha oshun song. Song: Aideu. Artist: Conjunto Céspedes. Album: Flores.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bgTF5_rhIWE



"Osun(Mother of Sweet Waters)." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. November 3, 2017. [5:59]   https://youtu.be/j-tSjFyoTnY


"Oya(The goddess of storms) by ELLA ANDALL." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. November 5, 2017. [16:17] oriki oya. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6-D8QL-hM5A

"Oya: E Ye E Ye Kwa." Zion Trinity - Topic, Youtube. January 14, 2019. [2:47] Oya: E Ye E Ye Kwa · Zion Trinity  Spirit of the Orisha  ℗ 2014 ZION TRINITY  Released on: 2014-04-05. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b3Ew6DizTns


"Oya-iyansan(Mother Of Nine) by ELLA ANDALL." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. October 10, 2017. [9:16] Oya yansa The Orisha of winds, lightning, and violent storms, death and rebirth. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZUV8r0la_A

"Oya Meditation." Amunet Kemetic Goddess, Youtube. September 27, 2015. [1:11] I do not own the rights to this song. The track is from Spirit of the Orisha by Zion Trinity.  Song - Oya: Longo Oya. Artist - Zion Trinity. Album - Spirit of the Orisha. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LB0P0JSsi_o

"OYA SPIRIT DANCE FOR WEALTH AND ABUNDANCE." Afrodeity Stone, Youtube. November 24, 2015. [8:34] OYA IS THE GODDESS OF WINDS, STORMS AND HURRICANES BUT SHE IS ALSO THE DEITY THAT GOVERNS THE COMMENCEMENT OF BUSINESS AND BRINGING IN MONEY.  THIS DANCE IS ALSO IN THE "MAKING THE CONNECTION" SECTION OF MY ONLINE TAROT AND ORACLE READING CLASS... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5BXWIqpgQhQ


"Powerful Ogun Song for Quick Help."  Ministry of Miracles Healing School SB, Youtube. November 24, 2017. [3:39] SPIRITUAL BAPTIST. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9pJAn6GfNvY

"POWERFUL OGUN SONG TO BREAK CURSES AND GAIN PROSPERITY." Ministry of Miracles Healing School SB, Youtube. November 4, 2017. [3:23] OGUN. https://youtu.be/ryvOh6Iu6ug

"Prayer for Oya and English translation." Nury Gamboa, Youtube. March 21, 2015. [1:03] BY: Gabriel omo Elegua   Oya Yebe iya misa,oyo orun afefe,lelebi oke, ayagba gbogbo loya, obìnrìn oga mi aro ,oga mi gbogbo egun ,orisha ni abaya oyu ewa, oyansan  oyeri jekua iya mi,Obìnrìn ni kuikuo le fun olugba ni olofin nitosi wa ayagba nikua adupe.   Oya yegbe,mother of the day in the sky wind of death whirlwind  from above, queen of all markets,woman owner of all spirits, owner of all illness ,goddess of the marks on her pretty face, the market of the wind,who understands life, my mother woman of great power , commanded by god to be the queen of death,thank you. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mNbyBRPa2MQ

"Shango&Oya (Orisa of Thunder and Lightning)." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. May 10, 2018. [17:48]  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q4E6hG5uyxs

"SHANGO & OYA KING X QUEEN by ELLA ANDALL." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. October 10, 2017. [9:15] shango o babawa irewa o irewa. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D9M1ENGQNlE


"Songs to Osun giving praises to the mother of sweet water." Keron Keith, Youtube. March 4, 2017. [5:13]  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ybjeJmfKAio

"Songs to Oya mother to the wind of change." Keron Keith, Youtube. February 7, 2018. [9:06]  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9RlZWjvW2Vw

"Songs to Yemaya giving praises to the mother of the ocean." Keron Keith, Youtube. May 26, 2017. [5:45]  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z9hkQbGApGU

"Wole Wole Ku Bani- Sang by Ella Andall for Oshun." Mercedez TheFmGirl, Youtube. April 11, 2017. [3:10] Oshun is the essence of love, sweetness and good cheer, beauty and flowing joy. Oshun is represented as a beautiful, charming and coquettish young woman, often with long flowing dreadlocks. . . . https://youtu.be/9xY9IO3M-gI

"Yemaya (Great Divine Mother of the Orisas) by ELLA ANDALL." Nathaniel Lewis, Youtube. November 5, 2017. [37:12] Iba yemoja the mother of the orishas. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PvNKcil5EU8


"YEMOJA(THE MOTHER OF All WATERS WHETHER ITS SWEET/SALT/FRESH)." Nanthaniel Lewis, October 15, 2017. [10:26] Yemoja is an orisha and the mother of all orishas she have given birth to 14 Yoruba gods and goddesses. Yemoja is often depicted as a mermaid, and is associated with the moon, water, and feminine mysteries. She is the protector of women. She governs everything pertaining women; childbirth, conception, parenting, children safety, love, and healing. She oversees deep secrets, ancient wisdom, the moon, sea shells, and the collective unconscious. According to myth, when her waters broke, it caused a great flood creating rivers and streams and the first mortal humans were created from her womb. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YXQ69fZviLI  [The singer is Ella Andall]


"Yoruba Andabo - Oyá Yansa." AyvaMusica, Youtube. January 6, 2014. [2:29] https://youtu.be/fyxqmjm7Ohk

"YorubaRhythm Live at the National Heritage Fellowship."  OsunDara Omo Yorùbá, Youtube. December 3, 2012. [1:18]  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GkNEvO7PByA







Òrìṣà - Articles & Resources



  1. "Yoruban Religion: Its cosmology and mythology." Photius.com. Last updated November 2, 2001. https://www.photius.com/religion/yoruba.html
  2. "Listen & view Ella Andall - Wole Wole Ku Bani (Let Goodness Come) lyrics & tabs." Tablyricfm.com, retrieved August 6, 2019. www.tablyricfm.com/Wole-Wole-Ku-Bani-%28Let-Goodness-Come%29-tab-Lyrics-fm-Ella-Andall





  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ase_(Yoruba)
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_slave_trade
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Candombl%C3%A9
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Yoruba_culture
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creole_language#Creole_genesis
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creole_peoples
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creolization
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elegua
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eshu
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haiti
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haitian_Revolution
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibeji
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/If%C3%A1
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Igboland
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kehinde
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kemetic
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kemetism
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Yoruba_deities
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucum%C3%AD_language
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_Passage
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E1%BB%8Cbatala
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ogun
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olodumare
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E1%BB%8Cl%E1%BB%8Drun
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orisha
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oshosi
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oshun
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E1%BB%8Cya
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Traditional_African_religions
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_Trinidad_and_Tobago
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_syncretism
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sankofa
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shango
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spiritual_Baptist
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spiritual_Baptist/Shouter_Liberation_Day
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiwo
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toussaint_Louverture
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Traditional_African_religions
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triangular_trade
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinidad_Orisha
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_African_Vodun
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yem%E1%BB%8Dja
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoruba_language
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoruba_religion
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yorubaland






BLACKGIRLMAGIC:





Ella Andall. Photo from: Mytrinilime.com






ELLA ANDALL



Andall was born in Grenada—one dare not ask the date—and moved to Trinidad when she was eight or nine. She found Trinidad extremely different from Grenada. For the first time, she encountered a discomfort with “blackness”, and distrust of anything “too African”. But she had been raised in a home and a family that had inherited the West African traditions of her ancestors, and she studiously resisted any attempts to remove her from those traditions, even refusing to sing in school choirs where she would be made to sing differently. Andall is an olorisha, or Orisha devotee. It is a way of life that celebrates the ancestors and the divine in nature, with various aspects and forces of the natural world represented in the Orisha, who are each a manifestation of God, or Olodumare. . . .
https://www.caribbean-beat.com/issue-86/ella-andall-earth-music





Ella Andall. Photo from: "Waiting for You (Trinidad & Tobago, 1973)."




Multimedia



"Ella Andall - Waiting For You (Trinidad & Tobago 1973)." Üllar Siir, Youtube. March 25, 2018. [4:40] Shorty Records Written, arranged and produced by Lord Shorty Accompanied by Shorty's Vibrations. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KJEineOqNnA

"Ella Andall-Ogun Baba Dey."  Mercedez TheFmGirl, Youtube. June 24, 2010. [3:44] Ella Andall is one of the most talented female Orisha singers in Trinidad and Tobago. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=to2jeMCcRZs

"Wole Wole Ku Bani- Sang by Ella Andall for Oshun." Mercedez TheFmGirl, Youtube. April 11, 2017. [3:10] Oshun is the essence of love, sweetness and good cheer, beauty and flowing joy. Oshun is represented as a beautiful, charming and coquettish young woman, often with long flowing dreadlocks. . . . https://youtu.be/9xY9IO3M-gI

"Ella Andall -Ogun Onirea." Mercedez TheFmGirl, Youtube. June 24, 2010. [3:17] ELLA ANDALL has worked consistently over the past four decades to establish herself as an artiste of international stature. Considered by many as a Caribbean Queen of Song - a chantuelle supreme, a high priestess of African-Caribbean music, Ella's journey is one of power and potency. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8B2zHm2ZLAM

"Ella Andall Oshun Trinidad and Tobago." Omoorisha07, Youtube. March 8, 2009. [6:20] Ella Andall singing for Oshun. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=odvIJK-bPxk

ALBUM: "Sango Ba Ba Wa." Ella Andall, Youtube. [24 videos, last updated June 2, 2019]. https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=OLAK5uy_nyCSakRyTi5wzimyyvIzEcvRkL6x1_uhI

"Ella Andall - Missing Generation." IsDePanInMe, Youtube. December 29, 2010. [6:36] Audio version. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=smuv3_6sNfo

"Ella Andall - Rhythm of A People."  IsDePanInMe, Youtube. January 14, 2011. [4:23] Audio version. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CWwmA-PlFws

"Ella Andall - Bring Down The Power." IsDePanInMe, Youtube. December 29, 2010. [4:37] Audio version. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-DQpfo65ctI

"Ella Andall - Festival Song." IsDePanInMe, Youtube. October 19, 2012. [4:37] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=enCI7DsDWnA

"Ella Andall - 'Black Woman'." Foreignmovies, Youtube. August 3, 2009. [5:39] 'Black Woman' is the international black woman's anthem....performed by one of the greatest vocal champions of the African diaspora - Ella Andall of Trinidad and Tobago. Everything about this song is perfect...the plaintive cries of Ella Andall, the rich instrumentals, the haunting male back-up vocals....the MESSAGE to the black woman of love, honour, and redemption.....Listen, and enjoy.... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NBQz0Kh71-Q

"YEMOJA(THE MOTHER OF All WATERS WHETHER ITS SWEET/SALT/FRESH)." Nanthaniel Lewis, October 15, 2017. [10:26] Yemoja is an orisha and the mother of all orishas she have given birth to 14 Yoruba gods and goddesses. Yemoja is often depicted as a mermaid, and is associated with the moon, water, and feminine mysteries. She is the protector of women. She governs everything pertaining women; childbirth, conception, parenting, children safety, love, and healing. She oversees deep secrets, ancient wisdom, the moon, sea shells, and the collective unconscious. According to myth, when her waters broke, it caused a great flood creating rivers and streams and the first mortal humans were created from her womb. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YXQ69fZviLI  [The singer is Ella Andall]





Ella Andall. Photo from: "Ella Andall - Missing Generation"


Articles & Resources



"Ella Andall: Discography." Discogs.com, retireved August 4, 2019. https://www.discogs.com/artist/986196-Ella-Andall

"Ella Andall: earth music." Caroline Taylor, Caribbean-beat.com. July/August, 2007. https://www.caribbean-beat.com/issue-86/ella-andall-earth-music

"Ella Andall: spirit dancer." Caroline Taylor, Carolinetaylor.info. May 20, 2013. https://carolinetaylor.info/2013/05/20/ella-andall-spirit-dancer/

"Ella Andall." Ronald C. Emrit, Bestoftrinidad.com. http://www.bestoftrinidad.com/profiles/andall.html

"Ella Andall Alive." Trinidad & Tobago Guardian, February 21, 2014. www.guardian.co.tt/article-6.2.378949.678993f700


  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Traditional_African_religions
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_Trinidad_and_Tobago
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_syncretism
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spiritual_Baptist
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spiritual_Baptist/Shouter_Liberation_Day





Miscellaneous - In the African Diaspora



Multimedia


'"Black sounding" names and their surprising history.' Say it Loud, Youtube. June 27, 2019.  [12:57] What's in a name? Sometimes it's just our imagination, and other times it's an attempt at a political statement. Black names have been satirized and stereotyped for a long time, but they have a unique and downright surprising history. Azie and Evelyn discuss the history, culture, and influence on "black sounding names" for #SayItLoudPBS. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjiGBpdmk_I

"Say It Loud." Say It Loud is a PBS Digital Studios series that celebrates Black culture, context, and history. Hosts Evelyn from the Internets and Hallease give you a comedic take on identity and pop culture, from Black pride movements to Black Twitter shenanigans. The show explores the complexity of Black experience and finds joy in the many ways Black folks have influenced American life. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCk85otLk-ASsqPu0aXFGjzA/videos




Articles



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitochondrial_Eve
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y-chromosomal_Adam
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y-chromosomal_Adam#Likely_geographic_origin




~#~





Sources for Meta on the Meta: "Beginning Before the Beginning"






Bibliographies




Correal, Tobe Melora, 2003. Finding Soul on the Path of Orìṣa. New York: Crossing Press.


Brandon, George, 1997. Santeria from Africa to the New World: The Dead Sell Memories. New York: Indiana University Press.





Multimedia


  1. "How to pronounce Ibeji." Bobelle, Forvo.com. Retrieved August 11, 2019. https://forvo.com/search/ibeji/yo/
  2. "How to pronounce Ifá." Bobelle, Forvo.com. Retrieved August 11, 2019. https://forvo.com/search/ifa/yo/
  3. "How to pronounce Kehinde." Carlsz, Forvo.com. Retrieved August 11, 2019. https://forvo.com/word/kehinde/#yo
  4. "How to pronounce Taiwo." Cybonix, Forvo.com. Retrieved August 11, 2019. https://forvo.com/word/taiwo/#yo




Resources & Articles




  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Yoruba_culture
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elegua
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eshu
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibeji
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/If%C3%A1
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kehinde
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E1%BB%8Cbatala
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ogun
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olodumare
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E1%BB%8Cl%E1%BB%8Drun
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orisha
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oshosi
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiwo
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yem%E1%BB%8Dja
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoruba_language
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoruba_religion
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yorubaland







Sources for Black X-Files: "What is Ifá?"




Bibliographies



Correal, Tobe Melora, 2003. Finding Soul on the Path of Orìṣa. New York: Crossing Press.


Brandon, George, 1997. Santeria from Africa to the New World: The Dead Sell Memories. New York: Indiana University Press.







Multimedia



  1. [Referenced, but not yet aired] “What Is Ifa?" Gabriel Bata, Youtube. February 2, 2015. [12:30] I produce this documentary in order to complete my Masters degree in Cross Cultural Studies. This film was shot in the Houston, TX area and explores the manifestation in the Americas of a traditional African way of life called Ifa. https://youtu.be/3Ff3ZvmG1jc




Resources & Articles



  1. "How African Are African Americans?: African Cultural Survivals in the USA." Dwayne Wong (Omowale), Medium.com. July 18, 2019. https://medium.com/@dwomowale/how-african-are-african-americans-african-cultural-survivals-in-the-usa-df301ba8583


  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ase_(Yoruba)
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_slave_trade
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Candombl%C3%A9
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Yoruba_culture
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucum%C3%AD_language
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_Passage
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Traditional_African_religions
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sankofa
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triangular_trade
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoruba_language
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoruba_religion
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yorubaland









Music Playlists




First Hour Music and Playlists:

  1. Smoky Robinson and the Miracles: "More Love"
  2. Ella Andall: "Ibeji (The Twins)"
  3. Ella Andall: "Ochosi (The Hunter)""
  4. Frank Sinatra: "Come Fly with Me"
  5. The Replacements: "Waitress in the Sky




Second Hour Music and Playlists:

  1. Psychedelic Furs: "Sister Europe"
  2. Cassandra Wilson: "Last Train to Clarksville"
  3. Cassandra Wilson: "A Little Warm Death

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